Loss of muscle function in an area of the body is known medically as paralysis. It takes place when there is a disruption in the normal flow of messages between the brain and the muscles in the body. It’s possible to have complete or partial paralysis. It is possible for it to happen on either side of your body. It is also possible for it to be confined to a single location, or it may spread throughout a large area. Paraplegia is a condition in which a person experiences paralysis in the lower half of their body, including both legs. The medical term for complete paralysis of all four limbs is quadriplegia. The damage that most commonly results in paralysis is that which occurs in the nervous system, specifically the spinal cord.


The loss of muscle function in any or all areas of the body is the primary symptom of this condition. A patient may experience numbness or a tingling sensation in their toes and fingers during the early stages of this condition.

Patients who suffered from paralysis as a result of a birth defect, an injury to their spinal cord, or a stroke would almost immediately lose control over their muscle movement.

Patients who are paralysed as a result of an underlying medical condition, on the other hand, will gradually lose muscle function over the course of some amount of time.

The area of the body that is affected by paralysis is another factor that can be used to classify the condition.


Affects only one limb.


The same part of the body, on both sides, is affected by diplegia. This could be both arms, both legs, or both sides of your face.


Characterised by weakness or paralysis on one side of the body and is most commonly brought on by stroke, which causes damage to one side of the brain.


A person is said to have quadriplegia (or tetraplegia) when all four of their limbs, in addition to some of their organs, become paralysed.


The term “paraplegia” refers to paralysis below the waist.

Locked in Syndrome

The most uncommon and severe form of paralysis is called locked-in syndrome, and it occurs when a person loses control of all of their muscles with the exception of the muscles that control their eye movements.