Neuromuscular system links the central nervous system to the peripheral nervous system and is composed of a neural circuit including motor neurons in the spinal cord, sensory neurons in the dorsal root ganglion, and skeletal muscle fibers.
The Neuromuscular system is an important part of the nervous system. This system has central and peripheral components. The central components include motor neurons located in the central nervous system (cranial nerves and spinal cord. Its peripheral parts includes all structures located outside the brain and spinal cord.
Neuromuscular disorders are those affecting any component of the neuromuscular system and their supporting cells. Signs of dysfunction can be variable depending on the specific area affected. Lower motor neuron dysfunction results in muscle weakness, paresis to paralysis, decreased muscle tone, decreased to absent reflexes, and neurogenic muscle atrophy.
- CALF MUSCLE PAIN
Calf muscle pain may be due to the habit of drinking water while standing. It may also be due to diabetes, low haemoglobin, injury such as calf muscle strain, calcium deficiency or prolapse of uterus. Give the treatment according to the disorder.
Calf muscle pain is a common problem that can make walking, running and jumping difficult and painful.
In Neurotherapy we relaxes muscles, reducing the stiffness of the calf muscles and the treatment is given according to the disorder.
Chorea consists of repetitive, brief, jerky, large scale, uncontrolled movements that start in one part of the body and move abruptly,unpredictably and often continuously to another part.
People with chorea have abnormalities with basal ganglia of the brain. The job of the basal ganglia is to smooth out the coarse movements that are initiated by commands of the brain. In most forms of chorea, an excess of neurotransmitter dopamine in the basal ganglia disrupts its fine tuning function.
In Neurotherapy we give treatment to improve blood circulation and stimulate
Cramp is sudden, acute pain in a contracting muscle or a group of muscles.
Healthy people may get cramps during vigorous exercise. However, some people get cramps in the leg at night while sleeping. The cramps may be caused because of inadequate blood flow to the muscles or by calcium and/or sodium deficiency.
Cramps may be prevented by stretching the muscles before sleep or exercise. To release the cramps in the legs, raise both hands above head and snap the middle fingers with the thumbs of each hand two to three times. Take liquid or solid food in which extra salt is added. If there is no relief, it indicates calcium deficiency.
In Neurotherapy we give treatment to improve and increase absorption of vitamins, calcium and sodium in the body.
Melancholic person has depressed personality. Such a person has a depressed, pessimistic outlook and philosophy and may show suicidal tendencies.
Depression manifests itself in one or more of the following ways: Insomnia, fatigue, loss of body weight, menstrual changes, sexual disturbances, palpitation, breathlessness. Gloom, anxiety, slowing down of mental and physical functions and avoiding people etc., are some of the symptoms.
Neurotherapy treatment given to this type of patients is to calm down their nervous system, improving digestion and treatment for stimulation of serotonin.
- MEMORY LOSS (AMNESIA)
Memory loss (amnesia) is unusual forgetfulness. You may not be able to remember new events, recall one or more memories of the past, or both.
The memory loss may be for a short time and then resolve (transient). Or, it may not go away, and depending on the cause, it can get worse over time.
Normal aging can cause some forgetfulness. It is normal to have trouble learning new material or needing more time to remember it.
Through Neurotherapy we regenerate the system. Also treatment for blood circulation, vitamins is given. Some techniques is taught to improve concentration.
Meninges are the three membranes covering the brain and the spinal cord. Meningitis is inflammation of the meninges, characterized by an increase in the amount and an alteration in the composition of the cerebrospinal fluid (C.S.F). The infection may be bacterial or viral. There is neck rigidityand photophobia.
Meningitis is inflammation of brain and spinal cord membranes, typically caused by an infection.
In Neurotherapy hypothalamus is activated and blood flow between the brain and lower body is balanced.
A migraine headache is a recurring, throbbing, intense pain that usually affects one side of the head; but sometimes affects both sides. The pain begins suddenly and may be preceded or accompanied by visual, neurologic or gastrointestinal symptoms. Migraine is more common in women. Its tendency may be genetically transmitted
Abnormally low levels of serotonin may trigger the contractions of arteries to the brain. Afterwards the arteries dilate
10 to 30 minutes before the headache begins, (a period called the aura or prodrome), symptoms of depression, irritability, restlessness, nausea, or loss of appetite and scalp tenderness occur in about 20% of the people. Some people lose vision in a specific area. The patient may get relief by sleep and by dark surroundings.
Neurotransmitter acetylcholine is stimulated through Neurotherapy treatment. Acid- alkaline of the body is balanced. The rest depends on the cause and intensity of the pain.
- MOTOR NEURON DISEASE
Motor neuron disease is in general, a disease of adult life, usually beginning after the
age of 40 in males. It is characterized by clinical effects of progressive degeneration of anterior horn cells of the spinal cord, certain brain stem motornuclei and corticospinal tracts.
Motor neuron diseases are a group of conditions that cause the nerves in the spine and brain to lose function over time. They are a rare but severe form of neurogenerative disease.
Neurotherapy treatments for this disease varies from patient to patient depending on their daily routine issues. Their metabolism and digestion has to be improved. Treatment to regenerate the cells, absorbance of calcium and vitamins is given.
9 MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS (MS)
Sclerosis is an induration or hardening of the interstitial substance. Multiple sclerosis is demyelination and hardening occurring in patches throughout the white matter of the central nervous system, sometimes extending into the grey matter. Symptoms of MS are weakness of muscles, incoordination, paraesthesias, speech disturbances and visual complaints.
In severe MS, a trio of symptoms are scanning speech, tremors and nystagmus. In scanning speech, syllables of words are separated by noticeable pauses. Nystagmus is horizontal, vertical, rotatory or mixed involuntary movements of the eyeball.
In Neurotherapy we give treatment to reduce inflammation, improve digestion and blood circulation, to increase energy level and other treatments depending on their symptoms.
- MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY
In progressive muscular dystrophy there is weakness of legs and hands. Slurring of speech is also experienced.
In the first stage, there is atrophy of intercarpal muscles of thumb and the first finger. In the next stage, the tongue of the patient cannot move properly. He cannot take the tongue out. At a later stage he cannot even swallow. There is more saliva in the mouth. Whatever he eats, may go into the trachea. In such a case, pat the patient behind the neck and by thumping try to take out the object obstructing the air passage.
Neurotherapy treatments for this consists of digestive treatment formulas, hormonal treatment, vitamins and calcium treatment, blood circulation formulas and giving treatments to repair the genetic defects.
- MYASTHENIA GRAVIS
Myasthenia gravis is a neuromuscular disorder manifested by weakness andfatigueof voluntary muscles. The functional defect in neuromuscular transmission observed in this disease is localized in the postsynaptic surface of the neuromuscular junction. The structure of the neuromuscular junction is altered and the number of functional acetylcholine receptors decreases.
It isan autoimmune disorder causing skeletal muscle fatigability and weakness,which can occur at anyage.
In women it occurs more in the age group of twenties and thirties. In men, it occurs more in the age group of fifties and sixties. Overall, women are affected more than men. The weakness may improve following rest or sleep. Eyelids and extraocular muscles are often involved early. Facial weakness produces a “snarling ”expression when the patient attempt to smile. Difficulty in swallowing may occur as a result of weakness of palate, tongue or pharynx.
Neurotherapy treatments given are inflammation treatment, neurotransmitters, improving body’s metabolic rate, etc.
Paralysis is inability to carry out a particular movement voluntarily. This may be due to damage in the brain/spinal cord or motor nerves. Rarely, it can be due to damage of the muscle itself. If the sensory nerves are damaged, sensations in the corresponding area will be lost.
Paralysis is a loss muscle function for one or more muscles. Paralysis can be accompanied by a loss of feeling (sensory loss) in the affected area if there is sensory damage as well as motor.
In Neurotherapy treatment for paralysis depends upon the cause of paralytic stroke. Also digestive treatments are to be given. Treatment to dissolve blood clots, injury treatment, treatment to lower high blood pressure and multi vitamin formulas.
- PARKINSON’S DISEASE
Parkinson’s disease is a slowly progressing degenerative disorder of the nervous system with a characteristic tremor(shaking) when at rest, sluggish initiation of movements and muscle rigidity.
Deep within the brain is an area known as basal ganglia. The main neurotransmitter of the basal ganglia is dopamine. In parkinson’s disease, nerve cells in the basal ganglia degenerate. Usually the cause is not known.
The disease begins subtly and progresses gradually. In many people, it begins with tremors in the hand, while is at rest. If the hand is moved purposefully, the tremor decreases. Muscle stiffness also develops. People often walk with a shuffling, short stepped gait in which their arms do not swing with their stride. They speak softly in a monotone.
Parkinson’s disease may also be accompanied by staring look.
Neurotherapy treatments given for Parkinson is to reduce their tremors and rigidity, to regenerate the system, treatment to improve blood circulation, dopamine formula, vitamins and calcium, and to improve digestion at the most.
Sleep is defined as unconsciousness from which a person may be aroused by sensory or other stimuli. In the medulla, serotonin is the transmitter substance associated with sleep.
Insomnia is a sleep disorder that is characterized by difficulty falling and/or staying asleep.
Through Neurotherapy treatments we relax the brain and stimulate serotonin which helps in getting good sound sleep.
Hypersomnia is an increase in sleep by about one fourth of a person’s regular sleep pattern. Hypersomnia is a condition in which one feels excessive sleepiness during the day. It may occur even after long stretches of sleep.
Neurotherapy treatment formula to regulate day-night sleep is given. Thyroid function is stimulated to reduce excess sleep during the day.
Snoring is noisy breathing during sleep. It is a common problem among all ages and both genders.
While you sleep, the muscles of your throat relax, your tongue falls backward, and your throat becomes narrow and “floppy”. As you breathe, the walls of the throat begin to vibrate generally when you breathe in, but also, to a lesser extent, when you breathe out. These vibrations lead to the characteristic sound of snoring.
Changing sleeping positions helps in relieving the symptoms of snoring. Antihistamine Neurotherapy treatment is given to treat snoring.
Vertigo is a sensation of moving or spinning of one’s own body or of surroundings, usually accompanied by nausea and loss of balance.
Dizziness, light headedness, a vague spaced out feeling and faintness also are experienced.
Organs have nerve connections with specific area of the brain. Many conditions can affect the inner ear and cause vertigo. Motion sickness is the most common cause. Such people feel especially dizzy in a moving car or a rocking boat. Drugs, circulatory problems and neurologic disorders, are other causes. Abnormal eye movements indicate a possible dysfunction of the inner ear or its nerve connections to the brain.
When the patient with vertigo wants to sleep, he should slowly lie down by turning on one side on the bed. Even while getting up from sleep, he should turn to one side and then slowly get up. If there is imbalance in the equilibrium of ear, then the house bell should be disconnected until the patient recovers.
There can be many different reasons for vertigo like imbalance in the equilibrium, cervical pain, tumor, depression, brain stroke, severe infection or inflammation, etc. Neurotherapy treatment is decided depending upon the cause of problem.
18 WRITER’S CRAMPS
Writer’s cramp is a severe painful contraction of the hand while writing or inability to hold a pen. Tremor may be developed in one or both the arms.
Writer’s cramp, is a disorder caused by cramps or spasms of certain muscles of the hand and/or forearm, and presents itself while performing fine motor tasks, such as writing or playing an instrument.
Neurotherapy treatment is given to control tremors and stimulate neurotransmitters.