Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease that can affect both the brain and the spinal cord, and it can result in disability (central nervous system). Problems with communication between the brain and the rest of the body can be brought on by multiple sclerosis (MS), which is caused by the immune system attacking the protective sheath (myelin) that covers nerve fibres. In time, the disease can cause the nerves themselves to deteriorate or become permanently damaged. This can be a devastating consequence. It is currently unknown what causes multiple sclerosis. It is classified as an autoimmune disease, which occurs when the immune system of the body attacks the body’s own tissues. Myelin is destroyed in cases of multiple sclerosis due to a malfunction in the immune system. The insulation coating on electrical wires is analogous to myelin, which can be thought of in the same way. It is possible for the messages that are sent along a nerve to be slowed down or blocked when the protective myelin that surrounds the nerve becomes damaged.


Numbness or weakness in one or more limbs that typically manifests itself on only one side of the body at a time, or in the legs and trunk.

Vision loss, either partial or complete, typically occurring in only one eye at a time, and frequently accompanied by discomfort whenever the affected eye is moved.

Extended bouts of double vision

You may experience tingling or pain in various parts of your body.

Electric shock sensations that can be triggered by certain movements of the neck, most notably flexing the neck forward (Lhermitte sign)

Symptoms such as tremor, poor coordination, or an unsteady gait

Slurred or jumbled speech



Issues with the function of the bowels and the bladder