The glucose (or sugar) in the food we eat provides the majority of the energy our bodies require. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, is responsible for transporting glucose into cells. The pancreas is an organ located near the stomach. Diabetes is characterised by inadequate insulin production or impaired insulin utilisation.
As a result, blood sugar levels rise.
Complications from diabetes include heart disease, blindness, kidney failure, and the need for amputation of the lower extremities.