Indigestion, also known as dyspepsia, is a common digestive problem that can cause discomfort in the upper abdomen. It is characterized by symptoms such as bloating, nausea, belching, and a feeling of fullness even after eating small meals. Indigestion can be caused by a variety of factors, including overeating, eating too quickly, consuming spicy or fatty foods, drinking alcohol or caffeine, and stress. While indigestion is usually not a serious medical condition, it can be a source of discomfort and disrupt daily activities. It is important to identify the underlying cause of indigestion and make lifestyle changes to prevent future episodes. In some cases, medical treatment may be necessary to alleviate symptoms and manage any underlying conditions.


The prevalence rate of indigestion in India is relatively high, with studies reporting that up to 30% of the population may experience symptoms of dyspepsia at some point in their lives. The exact prevalence rate may vary depending on factors such as age, gender, and lifestyle habits. For example, studies have found that indigestion is more common in women and older individuals, and may be more prevalent in urban areas due to dietary and lifestyle factors. Additionally, the prevalence rate of indigestion in India may be impacted by the high prevalence of other conditions such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and peptic ulcer disease, which can cause similar symptoms. Overall, indigestion is a common problem in India that can significantly impact quality of life and requires attention to prevent and manage.

Causes of Indigestion:

Indigestion, or dyspepsia, can have a variety of causes, including lifestyle factors, medical conditions, and medications. Here are some of the most common causes of indigestion:

  • Overeating or eating too quickly: Consuming large amounts of food or eating too quickly can overwhelm the digestive system, leading to symptoms of indigestion.
  • Fatty or spicy foods: Foods that are high in fat or spicy can irritate the digestive tract, leading to symptoms of indigestion.
  • Alcohol and caffeine: Drinking alcohol or caffeine can cause irritation to the lining of the stomach, leading to symptoms of indigestion.
  • Smoking: Smoking can increase the production of stomach acid, leading to symptoms of indigestion.
  • Stress: Stress can cause changes in the digestive system, leading to symptoms of indigestion.
  • Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions can cause indigestion, such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), peptic ulcer disease, and gastritis.
  • Medications: Certain medications can cause indigestion as a side effect, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), antibiotics, and birth control pills.
  • Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection: This is a bacterial infection that can cause inflammation in the stomach and lead to symptoms of indigestion.
  • Gallstones: Gallstones can cause blockages in the bile duct, leading to symptoms of indigestion.
  • Gastroparesis: This is a condition where the stomach does not empty properly, leading to symptoms of indigestion.

Symptoms of Indigestion:

Here are some of the most common symptoms of indigestion:

  • Pain or discomfort in the upper abdomen: This is one of the most common symptoms of indigestion. It may feel like a burning sensation or a dull ache and may be accompanied by a feeling of fullness or bloating.
  • Nausea and vomiting: Indigestion can cause nausea and, in some cases, vomiting. This may be more common after eating or drinking certain foods or beverages.
  • Belching and gas: Indigestion can cause excessive belching and gas, which can be uncomfortable and embarrassing.
  • Heartburn: This is a burning sensation in the chest that may be caused by acid reflux or GERD, which are common causes of indigestion.
  • Loss of appetite: Indigestion can cause a decreased appetite and a feeling of fullness even after eating small amounts of food.
  • Fatigue and weakness: Some people with indigestion may experience fatigue and weakness, which can be caused by a lack of nutrients or energy due to poor digestion.
  • Difficulty swallowing: In some cases, indigestion can cause difficulty swallowing, which may be a sign of a more serious condition such as oesophageal cancer.
  • Unintentional weight loss: Chronic indigestion can cause unintentional weight loss, which may be a sign of an underlying medical condition

Complications of Indigestion:

In some cases, chronic or severe indigestion can lead to complications. Here are some of the possible complications of indigestion:

  • Malnutrition: Chronic indigestion can interfere with the body’s ability to absorb nutrients from food, which can lead to malnutrition and related health problems.
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD): Chronic indigestion can increase the risk of developing GERD, a more severe form of acid reflux that can cause damage to the esophagus and increase the risk of esophageal cancer.
  • Peptic ulcer disease: Chronic indigestion can also increase the risk of developing peptic ulcer disease, which is a condition that causes open sores in the lining of the stomach or small intestine.
  • Anxiety and depression: Chronic indigestion can also have a negative impact on mental health, leading to anxiety, depression, and other mood disorders.
  • Reduced quality of life: Chronic indigestion can significantly reduce quality of life, leading to discomfort, pain, and a decreased ability to participate in daily activities.

Role of Neurotherapy:

 Indigestion is considered an acidic disease in neurotherapy, and therefore, it is treated using acid-alkaline balance methods. In cases of indigestion, undigested food particles are often found, and treatment is tailored to address this issue.

Neurotherapy aims to balance the body’s pH levels by addressing the underlying causes of disease. In this approach, indigestion is viewed as an acidic disease that can be caused by factors such as poor diet, stress, and lifestyle choices. To treat indigestion, neurotherapy focuses on restoring the body’s acid-alkaline balance.

Undigested food particles are a common issue in indigestion, and they can contribute to symptoms such as bloating, gas, and abdominal discomfort. In neurotherapy, treatment for indigestion takes into account the presence of these undigested food particles, and seeks to address this underlying issue.